Motor neuron disease (MND) covers a range of neurological disorders which selectively effect the motor neurons within the spinal cord. There are many different types of MND and are classified based on whether the disease effects the upper or lower motor neurons. Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) is the most common form of MND, and effects both the upper and lower motor neurons. Symptoms associated with ALS include muscle stiffness and twitching, and decrease in muscle size. These changes will result in difficulties in speaking, swallowing and eventually breathing.
In 5 – 10% of cases ALS is inherited. In the remaining 90 – 95% of cases the cause of ALS is unknown. There is no known cure for ALS, however there are treatment options which may improve the patient’s quality of life and extend life expectancy by some months.
In conjunction with a neurological assessment, Macquarie MindScan can conduct a comprehensive investigation, integrating information acquired through neuroimaging and cognitive assessment to generate an informed diagnosis. Imaging with MRI may be required to assess whether abnormalities in the brain’s blood supply are causing changes (e.g., strokes, or other deterioration affecting the “white matter” of the brain), or to rule out a tumour. Neuropsychology provides an assessment of brain function which complements the impression of brain structure provided by MRI.
The patients of Macquarie MindScan receive the benefit of this unique collaboration of experts across multiple fields. The team at Macquarie MindScan are committed to sharing the knowledge acquired from current research techniques to generate an advance clinical examination for neurodegenerative and other neurological disorders.